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acid-basic catalysis theory

См. также в других словарях:

  • acid–base catalysis — ▪ chemistry       acceleration of a chemical reaction by the addition of an acid or a base, the acid or base itself not being consumed in the reaction. The catalytic reaction may be acid specific (acid catalysis), as in the case of decomposition… …   Universalium

  • acid–base reaction — ▪ chemistry Introduction       a type of chemical process typified by the exchange of one or more hydrogen ions, H+, between species that may be neutral (molecules, such as water, H2O; or acetic acid, CH3CO2H) or electrically charged (ions, such… …   Universalium

  • catalysis — catalytic /kat l it ik/, adj., n. catalytical, adj. catalytically, adv. /keuh tal euh sis/, n., pl. catalyses / seez /. 1. Chem. the causing or accelerating of a chemical change by the addition of a catalyst. 2. an action between two or more… …   Universalium

  • Acid — This article is about acids in chemistry. For the drug, see Lysergic acid diethylamide. For other uses, see Acid (disambiguation). Acidity redirects here. For the novelette, see Acidity (Novelette). Acids and Bases …   Wikipedia

  • acid — acidly, adv. acidness, n. /as id/, n. 1. Chem. a compound usually having a sour taste and capable of neutralizing alkalis and reddening blue litmus paper, containing hydrogen that can be replaced by a metal or an electropositive group to form a… …   Universalium

  • Enzyme catalysis — is the catalysis of chemical reactions by specialized proteins known as enzymes. Catalysis of biochemical reactions in the cell is vital due to the very low reaction rates of the uncatalysed reactions. The mechanism of enzyme catalysis is similar …   Wikipedia

  • carboxylic acid — Chem. any organic acid containing one or more carboxyl groups. [1900 05; CARBOXYL + IC] * * * Any organic compound with the general chemical formula ―COOH in which a carbon (C) atom is bonded to an oxygen (O) atom by a double bond to make a… …   Universalium

  • Chemical reaction — Chemical reactions redirects here. For the 2007 television episode, see Chemical Reactions (Men in Trees). A thermite reaction using iron(III) oxide. The sparks …   Wikipedia

  • Silver — This article is about the chemical element. For the color, see Silver (color). For other uses, see Silver (disambiguation). palladium ← silver → cadmium …   Wikipedia

  • Список награждённых Национальной медалью науки США — Джошуа Ледерберг (справа) получает Национальную медаль науки из рук Президента США Джорджа Буша старшего Список …   Википедия

  • protein — proteinaceous /proh tee nay sheuhs, tee i nay /, proteinic, proteinous, adj. /proh teen, tee in/, n. 1. Biochem. any of numerous, highly varied organic molecules constituting a large portion of the mass of every life form and necessary in the… …   Universalium

  • Enzyme — Biocatalyst redirects here. For the use of natural catalysts in organic chemistry, see Biocatalysis. Human glyoxalase I. Two zinc ions that are needed for the enzyme to catalyze its reaction are shown as purp …   Wikipedia

  • Abiogenesis — Primordial soup redirects here. For the board game, see Primordial Soup (board game). Origin of life redirects here. For views on the origins of life outside the natural sciences, see Creation myth. Pre Cambrian stromatolites in the Siyeh… …   Wikipedia

  • cell — cell1 cell like, adj. /sel/, n. 1. a small room, as in a convent or prison. 2. any of various small compartments or bounded areas forming part of a whole. 3. a small group acting as a unit within a larger organization: a local cell of the… …   Universalium

  • coordination compound — Chem. complex (def. 10). Also called coordination complex. * * * ▪ chemistry Introduction  any of a class of substances with chemical structures in which a central metal atom is surrounded by nonmetal atoms or groups of atoms, called ligands… …   Universalium

  • Inorganic chemistry — For the journal, see Inorganic Chemistry (journal). Inorganic compounds show rich variety: A: Diborane features unusual bonding B: Caesium chloride has an archetypal crystal structure C: Fp2 is an organometallic complex D …   Wikipedia

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